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Tui na is a hands-on body treatment and is considered to be one of the forms of Chinese manipulative therapy – a physical treatment. It is mainly used by chiropractors, osteopaths, massage therapists and physiotherapists. The aim is to treat disability and musculoskeletal pain. Manipulation of muscles and joints are very often included into the therapy.
The key principal is to bring the eight principles of Traditional Chinese Medicine into balance. The theory of the eight principals is based on the four pairs of opposites. They are Yin and Yan, Hot and Cold, Deficiency and Excess (or Full and Empty) and Interior and Exterior. Symptoms of illnesses are based on these groups.
Symptoms can be defined as Hot (illnesses with symptoms of heat), Cold (illnesses with symptoms of cold), Empty (lack of something in a human body), Full (excess of something in a human body), Interior (internal causes of diseases) and Exterior (external causes of diseases). Illnesses can be comprised of several symptoms.
Trying to open the body’s defensive chi and to make the energy move in muscles practitioners of tui na brush and press the areas between each joint. They use different methods and motions as well as massage. Tui na is believed to treat chronic and acute conditions.
Tui na has become an integral part of the Traditional Chinese Medicine and its nowadays taught in TCM schools as well as in martial arts schools. In martial arts schools tui na is mainly taught to advanced students for them to know how to lessen pain in case of injury during the training. Of course there are many different schools with different approaches to tui na.
But there still a number of most used manipulations in Tui na:
It is considered to be a pressing method. You press on the particular area to cause numb, sour or other different feelings in the human’s body.
It is a kneading method. The movements are performed in circles to affect certain areas in the patient’s body.
It is a twiddling method which is performed quickly but with mild strength.
Tui na is very often used in a complex with moxibustion, acupuncture, qigong, tai chi and herbalism.
Moxibustion is a therapy using moxa. This herb plays an important role in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Practitioners believe that moxibustion is great for treating chronic diseases. Some practitioners even use acupuncture needles made from different materials together with moxa. Acupuncture manipulates thin needles in the skin and it is believed to stimulate qi flow through meridians.
Qigong is about rhythmical breathing and calm state. Tai chi is a type of Chinese martial arts which is considered to be useful for health.
Tui na combined with all these elements can be very effective and beneficial to your health.